Agriculture has always been an important sector of American culture, especially in the South. Currently, about three-fifths of the land used for certain types of agricultural production, such as cattle breeding and production of sugar beets.
However, in recent years, agriculture has started to lose its prevalence in the US and worldwide. Young people are less likely to follow their parents to care for family farms. They choose to pursue other occupations in urban areas. Large-scale farming practices were considered harmful to the environment, climate hazards and volatile food prices have put pressure on the incomes of farmers worldwide. In America, the number of people involved in agriculture decreased by 4.3% in 2003 to 3.8% in 2010.
But agriculture is constantly changing and it is his image. Agriculture is now seen as the solution to some of the most pressing environmental and social challenges in the world. Innovations that help prevent food waste, which help young farmers and cities to feed, are all ways to make agriculture a key solution. From sub-Saharan Africa to the US, the farmers not only use to improve their food, security and livelihoods, but also for the sake of environmental sustainability.
These innovations that work in the field across the planet are changing the image of agriculture status creator problems than solutions provider.
According to United Nations data for food and agriculture, industrial countries throw away about 222 million tons of food per year. America accounts for just over 15 million tonnes of food waste each year according to a study. But emerging agricultural innovations work to reduce this waste. It’s important not to let food go to waste. In one French city they will simply throw away a ton of potatoes bases solely on the reason that they look unpleasant.
Composting is another effective way to reduce and better utilize food waste. The American Agency for Environment and Energy Management has been a key player in a national plan to sharply reduce landfill by stimulating the growth of waste composting In 2002, USA refused the discharge of untreated waste, including ferment-able waste, which produces nitrogen which is beneficial for soil fertility.
Alternatively, agriculture provides benefits through youth employment. The unemployment rate is currently just under 10% in America.
Organizations provide a wealth of information now and possibly young farmers, such as mixed farming principles and practices for keeping young people informed growers.
Currently almost half of the world population lives in cities and according to the UN, 65% of the world population will live in cities by 2050. Urban agriculture is a proven way to provide this growing population with food fresh and nutritious.
While urban farms can provide US citizens with fresh, nutritious food, at the other end of the world they also use innovative urban urban agriculture. In Kibera, the largest slum in Nairobi, Kenya, more than 1 000 farmers, mostly women, began to grow vegetables out of the ground with bags filled with earth. These vertical gardens in Kibera are an example of success and sustainable agricultural innovations highlighted in the State of the World 2011 Worldwatch Institute: Innovations that nourish the report on the Planet. The US edition of this report was published on 5 December.
The above examples and countless others show that agriculture is emerging not as an instigator, but as a solution to many of our global problems. In America and in the world, agriculture is used to strengthen communities by providing a means of income and livelihood, nourishes families through the production of improved crops and protects the earth through agro-ecological practices.